International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Phytopharmacological Research
ISSN (Print): 2250-1029
ISSN (Online): 2249-6084
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2022   Volume 12   Issue 1

Applıcatıon of Experımental Desıgn Approach in Optımızatıon of Qualıty Parameters of Calcıum- and Magnesıum-Enrıched Mılk
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LIljana Anastasova, Tanja Petreska Ivanovska, Andrijana Ancevska, Rumenka Petkovska, LIdija Petrushevska-Tozi
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Anastasova L, Ivanovska T P, Ancevska A, Petkovska R, Petrushevska-Tozi L. Applıcatıon of Experımental Desıgn Approach in Optımızatıon of Qualıty Parameters of Calcıum- and Magnesıum-Enrıched Mılk. Int j pharm phytopharm res. 2022;12(1):7-16. https://doi.org/10.51847/MtCiwMuW5D
APA
Anastasova, L., Ivanovska, T. P., Ancevska, A., Petkovska, R., & Petrushevska-Tozi, L. (2022). Applıcatıon of Experımental Desıgn Approach in Optımızatıon of Qualıty Parameters of Calcıum- and Magnesıum-Enrıched Mılk. International Journal Of Pharmaceutical And Phytopharmacological Research, 12(1),7-16. https://doi.org/10.51847/MtCiwMuW5D
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Abstract

Full factorial (23) design was applied to evaluate the effects of addition of calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, and time of magnetic stirring on quality parameters of milk in the preparation process of calcium- and magnesium-enriched milk. The quality of the mineral enriched milk was evaluated in terms of relative density, dry matter, titratable acidity, the content of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates as well as the content of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, and calcium: phosphorus ratio. In parallel, sensorial properties were analyzed to select the most preferable sample for consumers. The results from the experimental design and the sensorial analysis indicated that the application of medium levels of calcium and magnesium salts for milk enrichment provides acceptable quality and sensory characteristics similar to commercial milk. The determined content of calcium and magnesium in these samples was sufficient to give an additional 9.0% of the recommended daily allowance (RDA) for calcium (700 mg/day) and 2.6% of the RDA for magnesium (300 mg/day). Enrichment with calcium more than 0.3 g/100 g was inadequate in respect to certain quality parameters, and also off-flavors were developed during the first five days of the cold storage. The PCA was efficient in identifying and measuring the attributes of functional milk important for consumer acceptability., This study constitutes a step forward in developing strategies for the preparation of functional milk with increased nutritional value and favorable sensory profile that can be used as a vehicle for delivering more minerals to the human body


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